Facts About Metronidazole Gel

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Metronidazole gel is commonly used for treatment of inflammation and redness which is caused by skin disorder called rosacea. It can also be used for other similar conditions as long as it is recommended by your doctor. It is basically a kit which contains a topical cleanser and antibacterial agent. Topical cleanser is mostly used for cleansing of skin before usage of antibacterial agent which properly works by killing of all the sensitive bacterias.

rosacea before and afterUse of metronidazole

Do not use it before consulting with your doctor. You have to test yourself if you’re by any chance allergic to some of the ingredients that are in it so be sure to contact your health care provider if some of that applies to yourself.
Before using it you need to tell your pharmacist or doctor if you, by any chance, have some medical condition, especially if some of the following applies to you:

  • you’re pregnant, breast feeding or you’re simply planning to get pregnant
  • you already have allergies to certain foods, substances or medicines
  • you have certain health history related to blood problems
  • you’re already taking certain herbal or dietary supplements or any sort of medicine

In some cases medicines could interact with metronidazole cream, so you need to inform your doctor if you take another medicines currently, especially if you are taking disulfiram or warfarin which can case various side effects by using both of them at the same time.

Treatment options

Biggest purpose of it is certainly treatment of parasitic infection that includes Giardia infection of small intestine, amebic dysentery, bacterial vaginosis and amebic liver’s abscess. It can be used solo or in a combination with certain other antibiotics that are used for treatment of abscess in pelvis, liver, brain and abdomen. This medicine can also be used for treatment of infection in colon which is purely caused by bacterium called c. difficile, which is anaerobic bacteria that could infect colon once the ordinary bacteria types in colon are being inhibited by certain antibiotics. This can usually lead to colon inflammation with side effects of abdominal pain and even severe diarrhea. It is also commonly used in a combination with certain other antibiotics and medicines to properly treat helicobacter pyroli that can cause intestinal or stomach ulcers. Metronidazole vaginal gel is commonly used for treatment of bacterial vaginosis, while topical gel is commonly used for treatment of acne rosacea.

Mechanism and drug class

We already stated that it is a commonly used antibiotic which has already been proven to be extremely effective against anaerobic bacterias and some parasites. Anaerobic bacterias are one celled organisms that are thriving in environment in which there’s just a small amount of oxygen and it is known as one of the main causes of various diseases in pelvis, liver and abdomen area. Metronidazole blocks some of the main functions within parasites and bacterial cells which usually results with their death.


Metronidazole is taken orally, whether it is with or without food. In hospitals it can also be administered intravenously for treatment of serious infections. Liver is mainly responsible for elimination of this drug from your body, so doses can be slightly reduced for patients that are suffering from liver diseases or an abnormal liver functions.

Possible side effects

Since every possible medicine can cause certain side effects, whether they are bigger or minor, metronidazole gel is no different. If you start to feel certain side effects, such as dryness, scaling, stinging, itching or mild burning you have to quickly consult with your doctor to seek proper medical attention. Reported side effects caused by allergic reactions could also be rash, difficulty with breathing, chest tightness, hives or even swelling of face, lips, tongue or mouth. Also, certain tingling and numbness in feet and hands could occur as a less common side effect. Just remember that this is not a complete list of possible side effects, and since every human body reacts different, you can also experience other side effects that were not already reported, even though that is highly unlikely.

Hydroquinone Cream – Uses And Side Effects

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Hydroquinone cream, also called hydroquinol, is commonly referred to as the bleaching cream. It is a generic name and is sold under several brand names. It is the reduced form of quinone. It is an aromatic compound, popular as a skin bleaching agent. Hydroquinone is sold in the form of a cream. It was available as an over the counter cream a few years ago but today it cannot be purchased without a doctor’s prescription.

hydroquinone creamUses of Hydroquinone cream

Cosmetic uses
It is used to treat skin conditions like:

  • Age spots
  • Freckles
  • Acne marks
  • Dark spots
  • Melasma
  • Dark skin tone

Skin discoloration caused due to pregnancy, usage of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy etc.

Industrial uses
Its chemical properties have made it useful in several industrial applications. It is used as a developing agent for black and white photos, lithograph and x-rays. It is also used in food industries for production of antioxidants.

How does this cream work for skin lightening?

Melanin is responsible for the complexion of the skin. The more the melanin pigments the more the skin is darker or browner. Melanin is produced in melanocytes or skin’s pigment cells. Hydroquinone decreases the production of melanin pigments. It also decreases the breakdown of melanin pigment granules called melanosomes. How is it possible? Tyrosinase is the enzyme that is needed to make melanin. When the activity of tyrosinase is inhibited, melanin production is reduced. Hydroquinone acts by inhibiting the activity of this enzyme.

How long does it take for this bleaching cream to show results?

This cream is popular because of two main reasons. The first one is that it yields rapid results and it is affordable when compared to other skin lightening options. Most users have seen visible results in 4 weeks. It may take a little longer than 4 weeks for a few. To increase the effectiveness a few cautions have to be followed:

  • It should be used regularly as directed by the doctor to attain the best results.
  • The dosage could be reduced after the desired results are attained.
  • The cream may be used periodically for maintenance.
  • Avoid exposure to sun. Wear protective clothing while stepping out into the sun. Applying sunscreen lotion is a must.
  • The usage of sunlamps must be avoided. Tanning salon treatments should be avoided.

The side effects

This cream may cause common as well as severe side effects. The common side effects are not very dangerous but may need medical attention if the symptoms worsen.

Common side effects

  1. In the beginning there can be a mild burning sensation. This is a common side effect experienced almost by all users. The burning sensation may go off in a few minutes but it may persist for a few people.
  2. Redness in the area is also a common side effect.
  3. Continuous use may lead to itching and tingling sensation.
  4. Drying up of skin.
  5. Sensitivity to sunlight. When used for a longer duration of time, the skin becomes sensitive to sunlight. It becomes impossible to step into the sunlight without wearing sunscreen lotion.


Severe side effects

  1. Allergic reactions like rashes and hives on skin
  2. Swollen mouth and lips
  3. Blisters on the skin
  4. Blue and black patches on skin
  5. Headaches
  6. Nausea
  7. Vomiting
  8. Difficulty in breathing
  9. Fever
  10. Edema and Convulsions.

Health hazards

It was found that this cream increased the risks of tumor when tested with rats. It has not been proved that it can cause tumors in humans but the increased risk cannot be denied. It can cause a skin condition called exogenous ochronosis. In this condition the skin becomes thick and dark. Some raised yellowish gray spots may appear on the skin.

The side effects can be avoided if certain precautions are followed:

  1. Apply the cream in a small patch of unbroken skin. Wait for 24 hours. If there are no alarming side effects like excessive redness, blisters and rashes etc., the cream can be used.
  2. Follow the recommended dosage strictly. If a dosage is missed skip the missed dosage and then follow the regular schedule. Avoid doubling the dosage at the same time. Do not go for prolonged use of the cream unless recommended by your doctor.
  3. Avoid applying hydroquinone cream 4 near sensitive areas like eyes and nose.
  4. Check for the ingredients list. If there are any products that you are allergic to, avoid usage of that product.
  5. Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant. It should be avoided by breast feeding mothers. Children below 12 years should not use it.
  6. Usage of products containing hydrogen peroxide should be avoided when Hydroquinone is used.
  7. It should be avoided by people suffering from kidney and liver diseases.
  8. Avoid usage of soaps and lotions containing strong chemicals.
  9. Avoid exposure to sunlight.

Hydroquinone cream is an effective skin lightener but should be used with great care and caution. If there are concerns of safety immediate medical care should be sought.

How To Get Rid Of Mosquito Bites – The Most Effective Methods

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It happens every summer. It’s a huge annoyance for many people at barbecues and campfires. Mosquito bites are one of the big downfalls of summer activities. In addition to being itchy and irritating, mosquito bites can also bring with them a range of health problems. Would you like to find out how to get rid of mosquito bites fast?

Before the summer season comes along, learn about how mosquito bites can affect you and what you can do after you’ve been bit to reduce the effects.

mosquitoSigns of a Bite

They’re usually easy to notice and many times, you’ll notice that you’ve been bit right away. However, if you find that you have a mark on your skin, you may want to double check the list of signs to be sure that you’re dealing with a mosquito bite. These are the signs to look out for: a white bump on the site of the bite, swelling around the bump, redness on the spot, a darkened spot around the area.

Possible Health Risks

A mosquito bite could be more than just a bite. While most cases will only be an annoyance that can easily be taken care of, there are potential health risks to look out for. If you have a reaction to the bite, you may notice a fever, headache, or body ache afterward. These pains could be caused by the bite. Look out for a large red and swollen area surrounding the mosquito bite. Hives might also be present, as well as swollen lymph nodes in especially severe cases. These reactions are caused by the saliva of the mosquito that transfers to the body when the bug bites. Some people are sensitive to the saliva and will show signs of a reaction shortly after being bitten. These reactions are most often found with children. Parents should keep a close eye on children during the summer months.

Another possible health risk associated with mosquito bites are a short list of potential diseases that the mosquito might carry. If a mosquito is carrying a disease, it could be transferred when it bites a human. These diseases include West Nile Virus, malaria, and yellow fever. While the cases of contracting these diseases are infrequent, they should be noted as a precaution.

Reduce Itching

There are many ways to reduce the itching that is associated with mosquito bites. First of all, it’s important to take care of the problem immediately. The longer that a bite goes untreated, the more likely it is to cause damage and itching. Use alcohol to treat the area right away. Rubbing alcohol on a cotton ball or using an alcohol wipe are both effective for treating the area quickly. Use the alcohol quickly. It’s also important to refrain from itching the area. Itching will cause redness to show up sooner and will only make the area more itchy.

There are several natural solutions to the itching of a bite. Most of the items needed to resolve the problem can be found in the home. Baking soda is one of the most effective solutions. Start by mixing baking soda with warm water to create a paste. Use a cotton swab to apply the paste the in area. Leave the paste on the skin for a few minutes before washing it off.

Apple cider vinegar is another natural option for reducing itching. Soak a cotton ball in the apple cider vinegar until it becomes saturated. Then, grab tape or a band aid to secure the cotton ball to the skin that is affected by the bite. Keep the cotton ball in place as the pain subsides.

mosquito bites on neckReduce Redness

In addition to itching, there will be redness associated with a mosquito bite. The redness around the bite will be noticeable and something that you’ll probably want to take care of right away. There may also be heat and swelling that you’ll notice along with the redness. These problems can also be taken care of with a few simple solutions.

Aloe vera is a solution to many injuries and issues. One problem that aloe vera is extremely helpful for is the heat that comes with bug bites. Apply a bit of aloe to the area to feel instant relief. Just like the healing effects on a sunburn, aloe will provide comfort to an area that has become red and swollen from a mosquito bite.

Honey is a great way to get rid of the swelling. Apply honey to the area and rub it into the skin. Honey has natural healing abilities that make it a great solution for swelling and pain. The anti inflammatory property of honey make it a product that you should reach for soon after getting bit.

If you find that your bite has created dark marks, there are ways to reduce their appearance. Coconut oil, tomatoes, lemons, and vitamin E are just a few of the natural items that are effective in lightening skin to reduce the appearance of dark marks.

Preventing Mosquito Bites

After being bit, there are several things that you can do to reduce the effects. However, the best way to take care of mosquito bites is to prevent them before they occur. There are a few things that you can do to keep mosquitoes at bay and save your skin from itching and redness.

Two chemicals, DEET and picaridin, have both been proven to keep mosquitoes away. While there was some controversy surrounding these chemicals in the past, both have been shown to be safe for adult use. Many insect repellants contain one of the two. The chemicals are also one of the most effective ways to prevent mosquito bites.

If you’re looking for a more natural solution, there are several more options to consider. For starters, keeping the skin covered will stop the mosquitoes from having a way to get to your skin. Wear long pants and long sleeves to keep yourself protected. Standing water is where mosquitoes will want to spend time. Keep water in birdbaths and child sized pools fresh and clean.

Citronella is one of the most popular products for keeping bugs away. Light citronella candles and place them around the area where you’ll be sitting. Some claim that eating garlic will make you less appetizing for mosquitoes. Finally, choose the time of day when you’ll be outside wisely. Avoiding dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes are out in full effect will help to keep you safe.